The term estresse was published for the first time, for Hans Selye in 1936, and since then already 110 studies on the subject had been published more than. It estresse it represents the generic reply of the organism front to the requirements of the environment. Two types can exist of estresse: The organic one, that it can be in moderate level that consists of eustresse, that it has a protective function and of adaptation. E, the chronic, that is in raised level more, provoking pathological changes and until the death, of this process consist of distresse (HELMAN, 2003). Seyle, describes the answers to the factors of estresse or estressor, the ambient influence in itself? physics, psychological or sociocultural, the sequncia of events for which the organism answers is friction as the Syndrome of General Adaptation, where it possesss three periods of training: ) In first place, the alarm phase occurs: where the organism is mobilizador to face the threat. b) In according to place, the resistance phase occurs: the organism seems to have itself suitable to generating situation of stress.
c) IN the third period of training, the exhaustion, occurs when the organism leaves to exceed the threat, and in elapsing of this process, fragiliza the physiological resources (STROEBE, 1995, p.241). The understanding must be made as analysis tool, since that if it has a conscience of the paper of the context? psychological, social, cultural and economic, having to be enclosed when it is tried to understand why an individual or a group it considers determines estressante situation, whereas others not (HELMAN, 2003). In accordance with authors Gis and Dantas: Estresse is any situation in which a not specific demand demands that the individual reacts and takes an attitude. It is a tense, physiological or psychological situation, that can affect the person in all the dimensions human beings. The reply it estresse to it is influenced by the intensity, duration and scope of the estressor and for the number of estressores gifts at the moment.
Although it is truth that the drawn out panic or numerous crises of anxiety can lead to a nervous collapse, significant depression is also a common cause. There ploughs to other simple reasons why person might have nervous breakdown. It has other simple reasons for which a person can have a nervous collapse. People dealing with significant grief, losing long held job, failing in school, going through divorce, caring will be someone with lengthy illness could to suffer nervous breakdown without adequate support. People whom they deal with significant pain, losing a long carried through work, in the school, not crossing the divorce, to take care of of somebody with a drawn out illness could suffer a nervous collapse, without adequate support. The strong emotions that can arise during any of these situations can causes emotional response that seems too much you bear.
The strong emotion that can appear in any one of these situations can cause emotional reaction that seems excessively stops to support. Though the nervous breakdown is often described sudden and acute, it usually is not. Although the nervous collapse is frequently described as sudden and acute, that normally is not. Stress builds and when people don' t get help in the early stages of stressful situations, to their panic or depression may rise. Stress constructs and when the people not to get aid in the first periods of training of estressantes situations, its panic or depression can increase. The person who lost job, will be instance, may have undergone many months of rumored layoffs, or the sense that job is tenuous. The person who lost the job, for example, can have been objecto of many months of rumors of resignations, or the sensation of that a work is tenuous. When the job is lost, stress may seem completely overwhelming. When the work is lost, stress can seem completely oppressing Stress Stress happens when our organism answers definitive the stimulatons that it stops represents sudden or threatening circumstances.
It is defined to Stress like " Situation of an individual, or some of its organs or apparatuses, that, to demand of them a yield superior to the normal one put, them in next risk of enfermar". In our daily life we considered like the equivalent to an answer or reaction of the organism, that can be of imaginary physical or emotional nature to all situation that produces demands or initiates real pars or that takes to a situation of adaptation and/or tension. This answer can be acute and to produce alarm or chronicle, that extends in the time and produces a state of permanent monitoring, can be adapted or inadequate, if the answer is inadequate or exaggerated physical and emotional alterations take place that with time are going to be origin of diseases. Stress also can be considered as a misalignment between the expectations that has on a situation and the reality. Causes Any event that generates an answer emotional, can cause stress.
This includes as much positive situations ( birth of a son, marriage) like refusals (loss of the use, death of a relative). Stress also arises by smaller irritations, like waiting for too much a tail or in traffic. Situations that bring about stress in a person can be insignificant for another one. Symptoms Stress affects organs and functions of all the organism. The most common symptoms are: Fast palpitations. Diarrhoea or constipation. Depression or anxiety. Dolores of head.
Insomnia. Indigestin. Sarpullidos. Sexual dysfunction. Nervousness. A study epidemiologist published in the Circulation magazine, in 2002, realised with Japanese women demonstrated that to have high levels of mental stress duplicate the risk of suffering cerebrovascular accidents and of death by cardiac disease. Compared the women with a low level of stress with whom they presented/displayed high a mental stress they had a greater mortality 2 times.