Therefore, already if it cannot more teach as before. According to Emlia Blacksmith ' ' The changes necessary to face on new bases the initial alfabetizao if do not decide with a new method of education, nor with new tests of promptitude nor with new didactic materials. She is necessary to change the points for where we make to pass the central axle of ours quarrels. We have a empobrecida image of the language of the writing: she is necessary to reintroduce when we consider the alfabetizao, the writing as system of representation of the language. We have a empobrecida image of the child who learns: we reduce this being in formation to a pair of eyes, a pair of ears, a hand that an instrument catches to mark and a fonador device that emits sounds. Behind this cognoscente has a citizen, somebody that thinks that it constructs interpretations, that act on the Real to make it seu.' ' Why are Difficult Alfabetizar All the Pupils? The analysis of who is the pupils who the school has not obtained to alfabetizar throughout the years indicates that any is not about a half, arithmetically neutral: this half is formed, mainly, for the pupils of the popular layers. why would be more difficult to alfabetizar these pupils? However, according to Emlia Ferreiro and Ana Teberosky, ' ' The psicogentica description of the alfabetizao process showed that the process for which if it learns to read and to write they are the same, in general lines, for individuals of different social classrooms? also, as much for children as for adults. The difference inhabits in the previous experiences of these social practical pupils with of reading and writing. If before if it believed that the basic one to alfabetizar the pupils was the trainings and definitive abilities? memories, motor coordination, visual and auditory discrimination, notion of lateralidade? the recent research on the learning of the reading and the writing showed that the alfabetizao (as as much other learnings) is fruit of a process of construction of hypotheses; it is not direct result of these abilities, but yes of procedures of analysis of the language written on the part of who it learns: for backwards of the hand that it writes and the eye that it sees, it exists a human being that thinks, therefore, if alfabetiza' ' Today we know that, in the alfabetizao process, the children and the adults? independently of its social origin and the proposal of education of the professor? they formulate curious, but also very logical hypotheses very.