A chronic disease whose prevalence is growing about 50 percent every ten years. Asthma is a disease characterized by an excessive inflammatory response of the respiratory system to different stimuli, and as a consequence of bronchial obstruction occurs. This disease, which affects approximately 150 million people worldwide, can occur at any age, although in 65 percent of cases the first episode usually occurs in childhood, more frequently in males. Asthma in children. Asthma is chronic disease more frequent childhood, affects 15 percent of children, and constitutes one of the main causes of school absenteeism. About 35 per cent of infants have suffered from a crisis of bronchospasm, however we do not categorize these children as asthmatic, as bronchial obstruction can be caused by various disorders, including gastroesophageal reflux, the bronchiolitis, viral respiratory infections, the presence of an airway anatomically narrow, and finally, asthma, which makes up only 25 percent of bronchial obstructions. The predisposing to the development of this condition include: genetic predisposition: If one of the parents is asthmatic, the child has a fifty percent chance of developing this disease, a figure that it amounts to seventy percent if both parents are asthmatic; Environmental pollution, which today is on the rise; The lack of adequate ventilation in homes, which favors the development of various allergens, among which stands out the presence of mites; Coexistence with people who smoke, who smoke inside the home; The lower the immune system capacity; The emotional situation of the asthmatic and their family environment.
Signs and symptoms of asthma the most characteristic presentation form is the lack of air, accompanied by abundant wheezing (whistling that occur to penetrate the air to obstructed bronchi), but in many cases the child only It presents a slight obstruction of the airway that goes unnoticed and is only detected when auscultation as spaced and mild wheezing. You can also manifest itself as the onset of cough dry after an episode of infection, followed by the increase of respiratory rate.Signs of severity are accentuated inspiration, the use of the neck muscles to help the air inlet and the deterioration of the awareness, among others. Of every 100 patients, 20 severe ventilatory limitation tables, and as a result of this severity die 0.5 to 1 per hundred thousand inhabitants. Nearly 50 percent of children are no longer suffering from asthma upon reaching adolescence, this disappearance of the disease does not yet have an accurate explanation, but it is assumed that compliance with the treatment prescribed by the physician would have a fundamental role, as well as the development of physical activities that allow you to strengthen your body and increase your lung capacity. Family education, is important so that the child is content for your environment and not adversely affected their psychological, physical and intellectual development.