Josyann Abisaab This article discusses Aristotle the philosopher. For the name, see Aristotle (name). Aristotle, Aristotle Ancient Greek (Stagira, Macedonia, 384 BC – Chalcis in Euboea, Greece, 322 BC) was one of the most influential philosophers of antiquity, the history of Western philosophy and considered by many as the author’s encyclopedic mightiest in the history of mankind. He was the father of formal logic, economics, astronomy, precursor of the anatomy and biology and a creator of taxonomy (is considered the father of zoology and botany). Aristotle is considered (along with Plato) as the determinant of much of the corpus of Western Thought beliefs of the common man (what we now call “common sense” of Western man.)It is renowned for developing the first logical formalization, the formulation of the principle of contradiction, the notion of substance as subject understood, and understood as a predicate class, and the analogy of being, which are considered the foundation upon which was built traditional Western philosophy. Aristotle showed, or formalized, and, above all, popular (in the perspective of where you see) a number of innovative ideas for the philosophy of his time, now common for many people.